The Five Rs of OER:
1. Retain - the right to make, own, and control copies of the content (e.g., download, duplicate, store, and manage)
2. Reuse - the right to use the content in a wide range of ways (e.g., in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video)
3. Revise - the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language)
4. Remix - the right to combine the original or revised content with other material to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup)
5. Redistribute - the right to share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend)
Open access (OA) publishing: Open access publishing refers to making the fruits of scholarly research freely available to the public. It is an alternative that emerged in response to high subscription prices that publishers charge.
Open licensing: This is the practice of using copyright licenses that expand rather than restrict the user's freedoms. Most educational works are licensed under a Creative Commons license.
Openwashing: This term was coined by Audrey Watters and refers to the practice of appearing to be open (the 5 Rs) for marketing purposes, while in reality continuing proprietary practices.