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Sociology & Anthropology

APA Style Guides

» Excelsior OWL APA Style
  - APA References 
  - APA In-Text Citations
» Purdue OWL APA Style
» APA Style (APA Official Site)
  - Sample Annotated Student Paper in APA Style
» ZoteroBib: Citation Generator

Publication Manual of the APA.
Ask Librarian at Reference Desk


CHICAGO Style Guides

» Purdue OWL Chicago Style Guide
» Excelsior OWL Chicago Style Guide
» ZoteroBib: Citation Generator
» Chicago Manual of Style Online

The Chicago Manual of Style
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MLA Style Guides

» Excelsior OWL MLA Style
   - MLA Works Cited 
   - MLA In-Text Citations 
   - MLA Style Demo: Videos
» Purdue OWL MLA Style
   - MLA Sample Works Cited Page 
   - MLA Sample Paper
» Works Cited: A Quick Guide (MLA)
» ZoteroBib: Citation Generator

MLA Handbook, 8th Edition.
Ask librarian at Reference Desk

Why Citing is Important?

Citation is an important part of the research process because ...

  1. It allows you to give proper credit for the ideas of others and avoid plagiarism.
  2. It allows others to identify and locate the materials used in your work. Many readers rely on citations to identify other relevant literature on a topic.
  3. It demonstrates the depth of your research showing that you have read and engaged the relevant literature on your topic. This indicates that you have an informed understanding of your subject and enhances the credibility of your findings.

What Needs to be Cited?

Whenever you quote, paraphrase, summarize, or otherwise refer to the work of another, you must cite the source using either a parenthetical citation, footnote, or endnote. In addition, a References page or Works Cited page is almost always placed at the end of your paper.

In-text citations are abbreviated citations that are in the body of the paper. They direct readers to the full bibliographic citations listed in your Works Cited or References list. In most cases, they include the author's last name, year, and page number for the information cited.


Which Citation Style to Use?

Different academic disciplines use different citation styles. The three most popular citation styles are MLA, APA, and Chicago. It is always best to ask your professor which citation style they prefer, but as a general rule these styles are used as follows:

  • MLA: Art, Literature, and the Humanities
  • APA: Psychology and the Social Sciences
  • Chicago: History, Humanities, and the Sciences

What is RefWorks?

RefWorks is a citation management software program subscribed by CSI library that will help you…

  • Collect references automatically from databases while you search
  • Format citations and  paper instantly in APA, MLA, Chicago styles...
  • Create and organize an online personal research database 
  • Access your database online from any computer, anywhere

Create a RefWorks Account

1. Go to RefWorks website: 
2. Click the Create account link as shown below:


3. Enter your CSI email address, then follow instructions to continue




4. When done, login to RefWorks with your email and password.
Remember after your registration with RefWorks, you can go
directly to the RefWorks website to access your account.



Refworks Video Tutorials