What is an annotated Bibliography?
An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a brief (usually about 150 words) descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation. The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited.
Annotations vs Abstracts
You might be thinking that the above description sounds just like an abstracts. Well, not really. Abstracts are the purely descriptive summaries often found at the beginning of scholarly journal articles or in periodical indexes. Annotations are descriptive and critical; they may describe the author's point of view, authority, or clarity and appropriateness of expression.
Creating an annotated bibliography calls for the application of a variety of intellectual skills: concise exposition, succinct analysis, and informed library research.
First, locate and record citations to books, periodicals, and documents that may contain useful information and ideas on your topic. Briefly examine and review the actual items. Then choose those works that provide a variety of perspectives on your topic.
Cite the book, article, or document using the appropriate style. (i.e. APA, Chicago, MLA, etc.)
Write a concise annotation that summarizes the central theme and scope of the book or article. Include one or more sentences that:
Choosing the correct citation style
Check with your instructor to find out which style is preferred for your class. Online citation guides for both the American Psychological Association (APA), Chicago, and the Modern Language Association (MLA) styles and the are linked from the Library's Citation Guide Webpage
Credit: This webpage was adapted from a webguide on "How to Prepare an Annotated Bibliography" by Olin Library Reference, Research & Learning Services, Cornell University Library, Ithaca, NY, USA.
|Objectives||0 points||5 points||7 points||10 points|
|Format||No standard introduction in top left of document, nor research question title, no pagination included. No citation style noted. Annotation is less than 75 words.||Two of the following were omitted: the standard introduction in top left of document, research question title, or pagination. Annotations are over 75 words but less than 99 words.||One of the following were omitted: the standard introduction in top left of document, research question title, or pagination. Annotations are 100 words but less than 139 words.||Document is well formatted with standard introduction in top left of document, research question title, and pagination. Annotations for each are 140 words or more.|
|Appropriate sources found to support topic||Source was not retrieved from specified sources. Student has not found appropriate source related to topic. Sources are not introduced nor evaluated.||Sources selected do not relate to topic chosen. Annotations do not include introductions nor evaluations.||A selection of reliable sources selected to support the main points of the topic chosen. Annotations include brief introductions and/or evaluations.||High quality, reliable sources selected to support the main points of the topic chosen, along with appropriate introductions and evaluations of items.|
|Citations in MLA or APA format||Multiple (seven or more) errors in citation in the style chosen.||Six or less errors in each citation in the style chosen.||Three or less errors in each citation in the style chosen.||Every citation is correctly written in style chosen.|
|Grammar and Writing||Multiple (seven or more) spelling, grammar, or punctuation errors, and poor writing.||Six or less spelling, grammar, or punctuation errors, and poor writing.||Three or less spelling, grammar, or punctuation errors and quality writing.||No spelling, grammar, or punctuation errors and high quality writing.|
Each submitted draft of the Annotated Bibliography will earn up to 40 points. The final Annotated Bibliography will earn double points, up to 80 points.